The Hidden Threat to Globalization: Why the Developing World Is Turning Against Free Trade

Author:  Niccolo W. Bonifai, Irfan Nooruddin, and Nita Rudra

Source: Foreign Affairs.
Date: December 3, 2021
 
 
Why the Developing World Is Turning Against Free Trade
 
Globalization has lost its shine in wealthy countries, particularly among low-skilled workers. From 2002 to 2018, for instance, support for free trade fell significantly in Japan, the United States, and many European countries, driven largely by rising hostility toward free trade among the poor and working classes. Among low-skilled workers in Italy, opposition to free trade grew from nine percent to 28 percent during that period, and it more than tripled among the same group in France. Disapproval among this demographic more than doubled in Japan and in the United States, causing overall support for free trade to fall by more than ten