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The Palestine Country Report GEM


The Global Entrepreneurship Monitor is a research initiative which was initiated by The Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM) Consortium in 1999 as a partnership between London Business School and Babson College, involving hundreds of researchers in more than 75 countries worldwide.

"the GEM project is an annual assessment of entrepreneurial activity, aspirations and attitudes of individuals across a wide range of countries…the first study covered 10 countries; since then nearly 100 'National Teams’ from every corner of the globe have participated in the project, which continues to grow annually… The 2013 survey is set to cover 75% of world population and 89% of world GDP".

Source: http://www.gemconsortium.org/ 

The annual GEM global report provides analyses of the level of entrepreneurial activity and related indicators in a variety of developed and developing economies to advance the knowledge base about this important field of inquiry, and to identify policies that may help governments and economic development stakeholders to strengthen the role of entrepreneurship in creating jobs and driving innovation and growth. Moreover the report is based on a unified methodology for data collection and analysis which modifies the values of monetary indicators according to the purchasing power parity (PPP) index. This methodology allows for easy comparisons to be drawn between member countries and thus facilitates the exchange of information and results as well as allowing countries to draw upon the policy and test experiences of others in the region. Ultimately, this methodology aims to better assist in solving the complex development problems faced by emerging economies in a cost-effective manner.

Why Palestine ?

In 2010 MAS joined the consortium and issued the first Palestine Entrepreneurship Monitor for the year 2009; Whilst understanding entrepreneurship should be a priority for all countries, the importance of entrepreneurship is particularly acute in Palestine. Unemployment within the occupied Territory is high; in 2009 unemployment had reached approximately 25% in the West Bank and 45% in the Gaza Strip, based on information in the PCBS labor Report, 2009. A significant and a sustainable reduction in current unemployment levels can only be achieved through the development of a diversified economy that encourages entrepreneurship and economic inclusion. Moreover, as the PA moves forward with its ambitious plans to establish a legitimate and sovereign Palestinian state, sound economic policy will become ever more important; Palestinian entrepreneurship will be vital if the people of the OPT are to throw off the shackles of aid dependency and develop an economy and political system that is financially self-supporting. Thus there exists a pressing need to better understand the character of domestic entrepreneurship, the factors constraining it and the potential means of improving it.

Following are a brief of previous reports :

Palestine Country Report 2012, the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM)

During 2012, MAS conducted the two surveys of the GEM (Adult Population Survey and the National Experts Survey). Based on the results, it prepared the final draft of the GEM Palestine Country Report 2013, the third country report since 2010. The report provides a wealth of updated, reliable information on the motivations, aspirations and perceptions of potential entrepreneurs. It gives insight into entrepreneurs' level of involvement in start-ups and identifies those who were able to withstand the risk of the nascent phase and those who went awry and were forced to rejoin the labor market as wage earners. The GEM reviews the problems and challenges that compelled entrepreneurs to exit business. It also outlines the national experts' perceptions of the conditions of the Palestinian economy's business climate and its strengths and weaknesses. The report uses those results to identify and develop informative policy recommendations that would encourage entrepreneurship initiatives, promote sustainable economic growth and enforce the Palestinian ability to hold out against the atrocities committed by the Israeli occupation.

To read the full report follow this link

Palestine Country Report 2010, the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM)
The Institute issued 2010 report (for the first time in Arabic) in collaboration with the International Development Research Center (IDRC). The report concluded that the rate of Palestinian entrepreneurship activity in the early stages of businesses is slightly less than the average rate in the GEM countries. The report also found that the contribution of entrepreneur startups in the economy is limited compared with other Middle Eastern and North African countries. This is probably due to the low expectations of economic growth in light of the volatile political context. The results also indicate that necessity-driven entrepreneurship is much less prevalent than opportunity-driven entrepreneurship. The occupied Palestinian territory ranked ninth among sixty-nine countries in terms of vulnerability to the prevailing impression of incompetence or fear of failure (assuming that the fear of failure decreases the greater the level of schooling and the higher the professional skills). Based on the findings, the report provided several recommendations, including (but not limited to) a need to increase training, education and social support in order to reduce the gender gap and expand the involvement of women in economic activities; It was also strongly recommended that the government develop the educational system, especially in primary and secondary schools (so as to nurture entrepreneurship among young people); Lastly, the report suggested a more stringent enforcement of intellectual property rights.

To read the full report follow this link

Palestine Country Report 2009, the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM)

The 2009 report concludes that Palestine is ranked 28 out of 54 of the countries included in the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor. And even though perceived entrepreneurship opportunities are higher in Palestine compared with the seven other countries in the (MENA) area, trust in entrepreneurial abilities was lower in Palestine. The report also provides statistics and results that highlight the nature of entrepreneurial work in Palestine and the demographic information of Palestinian entrepreneurs. Based on the concluded results, the report suggests a number of recommendations, most important of which were: the removal of obstacles facing entrepreneurs in achieving reasonable profits, to search for viable new outside markets, to encourage entrepreneurship in urban areas, and to encourage entrepreneurial facilities to depend on specialized consulting; in addition to encouraging the fostering of an entrepreneurial culture in the Palestinian Society through education, media, and proper training. This report was prepared with the support of the International Development Research Center (IDRC).

To read the full report follow this link